Imprints that sink into a solidified lava. A volcano born from an eruption. The imposing Somma mountain
has been the maternal womb to the exterminator, Vesuvius, which today together with the Gulf of Naples
draws one of the most beautiful skyline in the world.
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Group Size Large Group
Vesuvius dominates the Gulf of Naples and its silhouette, together with the side of an older volcano, Monte Somma represents a panorama well-known all over the world. With the eruption of 79 AD, its peak collapses thus forms the huge caldera of Mount Somma. The successive eruptions produce a new cone in the older caldera, made of lava material: this is Vesuvius. In volcanology, this phenomenon is called “volcano enclosure” and the Somma-Vesuvius is a rare example. This one of the most interesting volcanic reliefs in Europe and also one of the most studied. Vesuvius’ history is inseparable from man: after long periods of apparent inactivity, the volcano has woken up and destroyed the houses and the population. Man, even though there are the dangers of new eruptions, is always back on its slopes, rebuilding his house and his life on the lava. The question is lawful: Why? Why have men always been stubborn to build on an active volcano? But the correct question is another one: from what creative force have we been generated? The history of the universe starts from a point of infinite density that would expand itself, generating, in a metaphor: a colossal explosion, the Big Bang. So, destructive force or creative force? Volcanoes have contributed to the formation of the seas and our planet atmosphere. Vesuvius: Exterminator or creator? Who said that primordial destructive force is the enemy of man? The etymology of the name Vesuvius derives from the Indo-European roots: * aues: ‘to light up’ or * eus: ‘to burn’. The volcano is not only a phenomenon of nature that destroys, but is also a creative force, its lower slopes are the most flourishing agricultural areas of Campania and Italy. Its land is so rich in nutrients, that every year you can make four crops of vegetables. In ancient times, before the eruption of 79 AD, the inhabitants of Pompeii coexisted peacefully with the “asleep” mountain, a mountain that has always symbolized the place where the earth meets the sky and the top of a mountain was associated with the seat of the Gods: the Olympus. But Romans also believed that the craters were the gateway to enter in the reign of Hephaestus, God Vulcan, the God of fire, he worked iron and, on Olympus, he began to build palaces and objects useful to the gods. The crater of Vesuvius is therefore a mythical place and the fire has always had an ambivalent meaning for its inhabitants. The mountain air promotes appetite, grandparents said, but, don’t worry, the climb to the summit will be amply rewarded by a hearty meal, bruschetta with San Sebastiano bread and the famous piennolo cherry tomatoes, Gragnano spaghetti with lampuga and breadcrumbs, “Pizzaiole”, slices of beef or pork cooked in a pan with fresh tomatoes, oregano, garlic and white wine. Eat the vegetables, say our mothers constantly, those that you taste here may surprise to not believe they are vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower and ciurilli (pumpkin flowers stuffed with anchovies and scamorza cheese) but also white onions of Pompeii and artichokes of Castellammare. Are you thirsty? Do not even try to touch the water. Already in the Greek-Roman period, Vesuvius was renowned for its excellent wines and on the amphorae, found in Pompeii, it is often found the inscription “Vesvinum or Vesuvinum”, that means Vesuvius wine. Even today, this territory is mainly planted with vines: Bianco Dolce di Somma, Vesuvio Extra and Lacryma Christi, one of the best wines of Italy.
Vesuvius has always attracted the attention of travelers, scientists, scholars, writers and artists. Many writers were fascinated and numerous European travelers of the Five, Six and Eighteenth centuries, all wanted to see these places described in literature and they passed through Naples to follow the footsteps of ancient writers such as Virgil, Strabo, Horace, Seneca and others.
Nobody leaves Naples without having climbed the slopes of Vesuvius. The most famous travelers are, undoubtedly, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Sir William Hamilton, François-René de Chateaubriand and Stendhal. Anyone who travels to Europe stops in Naples to admire the landscape, considering Vesuvio a visceral source of inspiration.
- Exclusive and private guided tour, (1 to 12 people);
- Professional travel guide in Italian or in English, Spanish, French, German;
- Private pickup service is included in the basic package for those who complete the entire day’s journey;
- Information service h24 starting from the booking confirmation;
- Support service throughout the journey;
- Accessible routes throughout the tour and for all sites, excluding some that will be reported at the time of booking.
- All kind of foods and drinks;
- Tickets for selected sites or museums (1 site for “half day tour” and 2 sites for “Full Day tour”;
- Pick-up service for the half day tour
- Everything not expressly stated in the entry “the price tour includes”.